What’s all this about “privilege”?

‘Privilege’, as referenced in some of our conversations, indicates how certain factors in someone’s life (that are not chosen by them and not their fault) determine their experience in the world and how they are treated. The idea of privilege is often jarring and confusing, and many point out that we do not choose: who our parents are, what race we are born into, what country we are born into, what financial status we have or what financial benefits we do or do not reap growing up, our gender, sexual orientation, ability, etc.—to name some of the types of privilege that exist.

Privilege is something we have that gives us built-in advantages in life over others. Privilege being ‘built-in’ is precisely why we do not see it or how it operates unless it is pointed out to us or we are forced to encounter it somehow. The nature of privilege is that it is an inherent part of someone’s existence, so there’s not an obvious way to recognize, understand, and discuss privilege with others unless this you actively seek this out.

Privilege means that those with privilege have more power and opportunity to do more, have access to more and may be in an easier position to get more in the world. ‘More’ can also mean ‘better’ and can be more: status, wealth, education, employment, housing, healthcare, attention, recognition, respect and safety – to name a few determinants of privilege. Privilege also means thinking that what we have is what’s ‘normal’ and that when other people don’t mirror these qualities or achievements, they are outside of what’s “normal” and often thought of as “different” — implicitly making these people “othered”.

For instance, if you’ve always been an able-bodied individual, how could you know what it is like to live with a disability? Unless you were to learn about the life experiences of those with disabilities, become close to someone with a disability, become disabled yourself, or become involved in a community of people where able-bodied privilege was explicitly discussed and addressed, how would you know what it really felt like?

One major difficulty in understanding privilege is that the same aspects of privilege that make it difficult to recognize (that it is the built-in, inherent and therefore a wholly unseen part of someone’s life) also set up barriers that continue and perpetuate prejudice, oppression and inequality.

With privilege on one hand, oppression is on the other; but it’s not as simple as one uniform type of privilege and one uniform type of oppression.

Part of this discussion comes with understanding that although there are many types of privilege and oppression that may be intertwined and overlapping, each type of privilege is not a substitute for another, and each type of privilege has its own history and existing dynamic.

Sexism is not racism.
Poverty is not homophobia.

Though it is important to recognize the specificity of different types of privilege, someone may face sexism, racism, poverty and homophobia at the same time. In fact, often the aspects of privilege that make it difficult to recognize and understand in our own lives actually continue to serve the systems of oppression in the world that treat certain people as more ‘natural’ and justified, and ‘other’ people as the ones who are different and somehow ‘less than’. This is why it’s important to take steps to learn about your privilege and to understand how it operates in your own life and the world around you.

Some things to keep in mind while you start to read and learn about privilege:

• Learning about your privilege can be difficult, exhausting and frustrating – it’s important to be patient with yourself.

• It’s even more important to be compassionate towards people who are willing to help you on your learning curve and have conversations with you about privilege because…

• It is primarily YOUR responsibility to learn about the privilege(s) you have. We all need helpful and supportive conversations and a place to ask questions, but nobody has any obligation to educate you.

• Keep in mind that you don’t know what you don’t know, and learning about privilege can very much feel like wandering lost until some of the pieces of information and understanding begin to click.

• Remember that you’re not going to learn everything overnight or in short order, and privilege will not be undone this way either. Systems of oppression and privilege have been at work for centuries – this is precisely why it’s vital that we work towards actively undoing them.

“It is not upon you to finish the work. Neither are you free to desist from it.” Rabbi Tarfon
(from Uprooting Racism: How White People Can Work for Racial Justice)
.

This might hurt a bit, but don’t hold still – learning about privilege can take some of the sting and power out of systems of oppression.

It’s common for people to feel guilty when their privilege is pointed out to them because it can feel like you’ve done something wrong or there’s something bad about you that you had no control over, but this should not be about guilt. You didn’t sit down and decide to create oppression so you don’t need to be apologize for oppression and  your privilege. Instead, this needs to be about acknowledging the ‘un-chosen’ ways that some people (including us and including you) have more advantages in life and the ways other people are more disadvantaged and can be marginalized.

Even if someone doesn’t have one kind of privilege and faces the oppression opposing it, they likely still have another form of privilege. Someone may face homophobia, but may still be cisgendered and have male privilege. Most people in the world have some kind of privilege. This is about responsibility for what we have and who we are, so that we can understand where we are coming from when we take on anti-oppressive work, or simply take on the responsibility to be anti-oppressive and challenge oppression in our daily lives. If you’re not taking steps to be actively anti-oppressive, you are continuing to exist in a system that allows oppression to happen.

By acknowledging privilege we can acknowledge the barriers that others may face and the things we may have and that we take for granted as accessible to everyone. On a broader scale, modes of thinking and larger social/political/institutional systems at work that are driven by privilege operating unchallenged justify popular beliefs, modes of speech, cultural depictions and expressions of language that perpetuate treating marginalized groups oppressively. This can mean treating and misunderstanding these groups as though they are somehow behind or lacking as a population, with the accompanying assumption that “those people” are less deserving of the ‘haves’ or the ‘more’ that are taken for granted as accessible within groups of privilege. This is only one way that privilege enforces systems of oppression – by reinforcing beliefs that marginalized communities are somehow flawed and deserving of maltreatment or just deserving of less – when in fact it is the system and the status quo that is flawed.

Privilege is crucial to acknowledge and understand if we intend to work against the status quo and systems of oppression that marginalize and ‘other’ many groups of people. This work can be long and hard, but we’re all on learning curves – and will probably always be on learning curves. The bottom line is that we’re all better off if we can understand how privilege operates, how we may or may not have it, and what to do with all of this information. Beginning to read about privilege, learn about privilege, and have conversations about privilege is a fundamental starting point.

What kinds of privilege are there?

Privilege can be in anyone depending on their gender, sex, orientation, race, ethnicity, ability or disability, class or income level, profession and more.

• Being male is a privilege. Why? Because women as a population, do not have the gender privilege that comes from being male. Women face more barriers that result in them being treated unequally, and overall have less power and access than men in the world.

• Being white is a privilege. People of colour, as a group, do not have the same racial privilege as white people because they face more barriers in the world and oppression that results in them having less power, equality and access to the same things and in the same ways that white people do.

White people have ‘white privilege’ because there are systematic ways that white people have more historical, built-in and ongoing advantages than people of colour. Though you may not have personally participated in slavery, colonialism, human trafficking, or whatever particular history of racial oppression your geographic and/or cultural home precipitated, there are still ongoing systems that perpetuate racism, many of which are rooted in these particular histories — though you will often hear this denied in the general public. Another aspect to racial privilege that is less often discussed is that some people may not be white but may still have what can be referred to as light-skinned privilege in communities of colour, where ‘lighter skinned’ people of colour may operate with similar tenets of white privilege.

In Canada, we may hear people say that they were not the ones who initially occupied indigenous land so white privilege is not their responsibility or dominion. However, everyone who lives in Canada still benefits from living on stolen land, and indigenous people in Canada are still hugely over-represented as victims in just about every social system in the country, and are at higher risk for violence, suicide and addictions throughout Canada.

• Having citizenship and status in your country is a privilege. People without citizenship and legal status have less access to employment, less likelihood of working in a safe environment when they are able to find work, less access to social security and safety nets, and less access to physical and mental healthcare resources, to name only a few of the barriers faced by individuals living without citizenship status.

• Having no disability (and therefore being what is referred to as able-bodied) is a privilege. When someone is able-bodied they will not face the barriers of not being able to access certain public spaces, including transportation and washrooms, and they will not face the scrutiny of being the person who is seen as “special” or “the other” because people who are able-bodied are viewed as “normal” in the world.

Disability itself is not as simple as many people think it is. It’s not just about having a physical disability, but it’s about speech, hearing, seeing, having a strong reaction or sensitivity to smells or chemicals that may not allow some people to be in public spaces, and can also refer to mental illness and other invisible disabilities. Disability is about the challenges one faces when they may be HIV+ or living their life with another illness. Unlike race, bodies can change over time and someone who may have once been able-bodied could later be someone with a disability.

• Being heterosexual is a privilege. In many parts of the world (including so-called ‘developed’ countries), being LGBTQ and everyone that isn’t simply “heterosexual” is still wrongfully used as justification for violence. Even in Canada, though gay marriage is legal, many social benefits (pertaining to custody, benefits, wills, power of attorney) that are automatically awarded to heterosexual marital partnerships are still denied to same-sex partners.

• Being comfortable in your born-into sex and associated gender and therefore being cisgendered is a privilege. Transgendered individuals (and two-spirited, intersex, gender-ambiguous individuals) live in a society that is gender-dichotomized where many public spaces only cater to ‘male’ or ‘female’, and even those who identify as fully ‘male’ or ‘female’ are often made to feel less-so because they were not biologically sexually gendered how they identify. Transphobia remains a huge social problem and source of violence.

• Having more money and status is a privilege. Class privilege is having more income and socio-economic status, which in turn offers more advantages to employment, education and access to resources and services. Being able to choose what kind of work you do and where to make enough money to live is part of this privilege – which includes people who engage in illegal forms of work and sex work. Does someone choose what kind of wealth or poverty they grow up around? No, but it shapes people’s lives from the very beginning, just like every other form of privilege.

Think about the fact that you’re likely reading this on a computer screen on the internet. What kind of privileges come along with that?

Privilege is not about what you choose because just as no one chooses to be indigenous or queer or disabled or poor, no one chooses to be white or heterosexual or able-bodied or born into an industrialized economically-rich country. None of these things are choices but all of them come with a kind of privilege or an oppression and set of barriers to face.

When systems are constructed to be incredibly unequal it takes a long time to undo this damage. If we look at gender privilege and oppression, girls and women have been fighting sexism and gender inequality for a very long time, and this system of oppression, though it has changed over time, is still very much intact. Just as it is important to recognize privilege, it is crucial to come to a place of understanding that it is not solely up to those who are denied privilege to fight it, or seek access to it. It must also, and even more so, be the responsibility of people of privilege to be allies and activists in efforts to undo systems of privilege and therefore oppression.

We must all fight sexism, just as we must join together across races to fight racism and violence. Fighting for a racially equal world is and should never be the sole responsibility of people of colour. White people need to fight racism as well. This goes beyond not saying racist slurs or excluding people of colour from certain spaces, but is about recognizing racial privilege, supporting people of colour, listening to people of colour, and participating in actions that include more people of colour on their own terms.

With all of these systems and constructs supporting privilege that have pre-dated and are greater than me alone, what can I do about my privilege?

Privilege is not a simple yes or no check-box and calling it a day. Recognizing it is only the first step. Privilege is complex and interwoven into the differences of who people are. Someone may have gender privilege – whether as a man or being cisgendered – and still face the barriers that come with having a disability or ableist oppression. Someone may have able-bodied privilege and still face class oppression in living without access to much income or a secure job and dealing with the barriers of poverty. Someone may have racial privilege in being white but may be a sex worker who faces stigma and scrutiny about what they do.

Understanding privilege is about recognizing inequality and learning how to support people. It’s about acknowledging the upper hand we may have and how to not keep using that in ways that keeps other people down. To do that, we have to understand the different experiences people have, the different oppressions people face, how they connect and influence one another, and how we are all individually situated in this world in mixtures and intersections of oppression and privilege.

We have to work to understand the privilege we never knew we had. After that we need to use this understanding to stop making all those built-in advantages what remains “normal” and “right” in the world around us. Then, when we can more deeply understand privilege, we can understand that when it goes unacknowledged, it can mean we’re continuing to hurt people even when we never mean to.

 

* These conversations can be hard to access and understand, loaded with specific jargon and hard to follow sometimes. We’ve been there ourselves. Everyone is on a learning curve. There are many other incredible people who are and have been discussing all kinds of privileges and oppressions and we’re linked to many different articles and reference points throughout this piece. Please click on the words that are linked to other sites in the above post for greater explanations and understanding.

405 Comments

  1. Beverly Diehl says:

    Thank you for this article. Much good food for thought here, even if it’s high fiber and requires much time to chew and digest.

  2. James says:

    I think there are three important types of privilege that are not mentioned here.

    Firstly, physical attractiveness. Although being wealthy may improve your ability to change your attractiveness, in the end, our appearance is not something that can always be easily modified for all but the most absurdly rich. Physical attractiveness can be a large factor in bullying, attaining romantic relationships and/or sex, and in one’s social life in general. Arguably, it can be a factor in the workplace as well.

    Secondly, intelligence. While intelligence is somewhat of a subjective area, I think it deserves mention. Although the article mentioned mental illness, it did not seem to refer to intellect specifically (which is not the same as mental illness or lack thereof; some of the greatest geniuses of all time have been certifiably insane after all). While being intelligent by itself doesn’t guarantee success (especially when one is lacking in the other two attributes I’ve listed here), it certainly helps make things easier in school and in many professions. While intelligence isn’t fully set in stone, many scientists believe a person’s IQ can only be changed by around five points on account of environmental factors (don’t quote me on this one, I recall reading it recently but I’m not sure about the exact numbers or phrasing). Though nurture and environment are factors, high intelligence is largely something that people are born with or without the propensity toward. Thus, being intelligent is definitely a type of privilege.

    Thirdly, social skills. Being extroverted and socially skilled are huge assets in the workplace, dating and social life. People quite simply like you more and thus their conscious and unconscious biases are more likely to work in your favour. Though social skills are more malleable than many of the factors listed here, some people are naturally shyer, more introverted, and more awkward. While it can be changed to an extent, I do believe some people are much more innately inclined to be socially skilled and extroverted, while others struggle far more and find daily social interaction difficult or impossible. So, I would call having a disposition toward good social skills (including extroversion and confidence) another type of privilege. Yes, a person can work toward making themselves more confident, but the fact is, some people are just far more confident and socially skilled by default than others; and the very definition of privilege is having to work less hard (or not at all) to get somewhere.

    • Naru says:

      Social skills and intelligence can be increased over a lifetime. It comes with education and having friends. Social skills and ‘intelligence’ are learnt rather than innate abilities.
      Of course, being educated and middle class, I’m not sure if that’s playing a role in my opinion about intelligence. But social skills are exactly that: skills. I’m very introverted, but my social skills have increased dramatically since I was a friendless child. Now I have several close friends, simply due to practice at dealing with other people. Humans are social animals, sociability is one of the most important parts of being human. The only people I know who would have innate problems learning social skills is people on the autism spectrum, and that falls under able-bodied privilege, not under its own special heading.

      • James says:

        Actually, as I said in my above post, I believe most scientists are under the consensus that IQ is only malleable within something like 5 points on account of environmental factors (perhaps they mean this within the context of western society specifically, and this may discount extreme poverty). With the exact same opportunities, some people will still be far more intelligent than others. Genetics is a HUGE factor. You can’t simply become the next Da Vinci or Goethe through hard work or dedication. Saying that intelligence is strictly a learned ability ignores science and obvious facts of reality.

        Social skills are somewhat more subjective, but psychologists actually measure “social intelligence” nowadays. Even if social skills are more malleable than intelligence, the fact is, some people are more predisposed toward having good social skills by virtue of their innate personality and mental makeup than others. Of course it is possible for them to become more socially accepted. Just like it is possible for a woman, a black person, a gay person, or any of the other generally under-privileged groups listed here to succeed. But the point is, some people have to TRY MUCH HARDER than others. Having to try less hard is the very definition of privilege. Being underprivileged doesn’t mean your situation is impossible to change. Just that you’re going to have to try a lot harder than those who are privileged in whatever regard you’re underprivileged in.

        • Sabinkenichira says:

          Y’know while I agree with much of this, I’m just thinking that the idea that some sort of uifplt is the white ___’s burden is maybe part of the problem here; coz, you know where -that’s- from, right? I understand what you’re saying here, and I’m honestly not trying to be pedantic or something, just well for one thing, i dunno, is it a burden? to listen to other people? Because honestly I think I do that as much for myself as anything else. It’s a pleasure. It makes my life richer. It’s not, like, a grim duty, you know?and also: I dunno, I think listening to people because they’ve got something important to say, and yeah, it’s not about privilege. It’s not about charitably lending an ear. It’s about hey, these are the women the world requires: it’d be fucking stupid to -not- listen.

          • Hefa says:

            Advantages1. I am not seen as a minority in many icsoal situations.2. People trust me behind the wheel.3. I can pretty much find someone of the same race as me wherever I go or live.4. People do not see me as intimidating.5. I can trace my family history back as far as I need to, fairly easily.6. I can buy bandaids in my skin color.7. I was privileged enough to attend private school most of my life.8. I got to attend a very prestigious camp during the summers of my childhood.9. I was privileged enough to grow up around water where we could go boating and fishing.10. I grew up with both my parents that did their best to give me the best opportunities to succeed.Disadvantages1. I cannot play the race card to get my way.2. People of my race cannot find as much in common with other members.3. I have no brothers or sisters to help take some of the pressure put on me by my parents.4. People tend to give me labels when they find out I went to private school.5. There is a lot of competition for jobs for white males.6. I burn in the sun.7. People in the Richmond area label me because I went to Trinity.8. My neighbors used to think that if I mowed their lawn, I wouldn’t do a good job because of my age until they saw what it looked like when I finished.9. Some of the nice, tolerant and actually decent whites get lumped into one big pile with racists.10. I have to watch what I say around people of other races for fear that I may say something that can be taken the wrong way.

  3. Katy says:

    Thank you for that piece – there is certainly some food for thought there

  4. James says:

    Also, I take issue with the idea of whoreophobia. Your profession is a choice, not something you’re born into or cannot control (to an extent, as I clarify below). There are many reasons to take issue with the profession of prostitution; moral, hygenic, personal.

    If a woman is FORCED into a life of prostitution, then the issue is that she is marginalized for her poverty level, gender, or lack of job opportunities. Or because she is literally forced into it by people in the sex trade industry. Criticising her profession in those cases would be completely unfair.

    However, I think that if someone chooses to be a prostitute, not out of desperation or coercion but solely out of personal choice, and is criticised for it, then I would say that is an understandable stigma. Because the key factor here is choice. Being forced into a life of prostitution is an example of being disprivileged, but I wouldn’t call it whoreophobia so much as a lack of understanding for someone’s circumstances. Choosing the professon itself, however, when other circumstances such as poverty, desperation or coersion by other people are NOT factors, I would say is a perfectly legitimate thing to criticise and put under scrutiny on a personal level. Should it bar her from getting other jobs? In most circumstances, no. That is unfair, especially when having been a prostitute in the past is completely irrelevant to the current job being applied for. But is it understandable that there is a stigma around prostitution itself as a choice profession? Yes, I would say it is understandable.

  5. TNative says:

    Clearly, being Canadian is a privilege! Or simply North American. It is amazing to me, as someone who’s lived around the world, to watch North Americans explain and apply their special prejudices to the entire world.

  6. D. says:

    I must point out that I skimmed this and didn’t devote the time I know I should have…but I like what I’ve read. You make good points in regard to a subject that people just don’t want to talk about. The conversation on privilege should be continued, but people are embarrassed to talk about it. Understanding that privilege is a real factor in the identity of an individual is important to gaining a better understanding of society as a whole. Privilege along with adversity comes with some ignorances and shortcomings, not undermining the struggle those facing adversity have to endure.

    • Stephanie says:

      I just wanted to say that your comment is insightful.

      “Understanding that privilege is a real factor in the identity of an individual is important to gaining a better understanding of society as a whole. Privilege along with adversity comes with some ignorances and shortcomings, not undermining the struggle those facing adversity have to endure.”

  7. lucie says:

    Although I agree with what is written here, and celebrate this focus on the notion of privilege, I have a serious problem with the tone of the article, which I would put under what I would call “self-pity leftism”. The tone of the article seems to convey to me the privilege of saying “I’m sorry that I’m privileged”. It is important to recognize different variants of privileges, but they are visible from the position of the underprivileged, and it is patronizing to assume to understand that position from the outside: one has to recognize that there is always a limit to that understanding. Maybe it would be more productive to focus on the various forms and faces of oppression that affect us, that unite us, through which we connect to each other.

    • Switta says:

      Rupert: earlbecke and Ragnell have given some ceeellxnt advice, and I’d like to add my two cents to it.Obviously, no one has any right to anyones body, mind, etc, ever (including in a commited relationship or long term friendship). Thate2€™s easy.But, that’s just it, it’s not easy because so many men do it without thinking about it. I’d even wager that you do it. It’s all about the invisibility of entitlement and privilege. You don’t see what your actions do to the women you’re doing this to because you’re conditioned not to see it.Honestly? I would talk to some of the women you know, especially ones you’ve been interested in, and see what they say. Ask them if you’ve ever made them feel uncomfortable, or if they think that you have ever not taken no’ for an answer, etc. And, if you do this, make sure not to argue with them about anything they say! Listen, go away and think about it for a few days, then come back with questions. Use what they say to change your mind, don’t try to change theirs.From personal experiences, though, and as a male, Ie2€™ve found it difficult to tell when someone is being a flirt versus when theye2€™re just being nice. (Ie2€™m not the only one, either). If Ie2€™m attracted to someone, I generally assume there is a possibility that they feel the same way about me, and I act accordingly. Am I supposed remain passive until they do something about it? If Ie2€™m not allowed to flirt until they flirt, and theye2€™re not allowed to flirt unil I flirt, how does anyone start to flirt?Flirting is very much like being extra friendly. It’s not just a male thing; I often don’t know if someone is being flirty or friendly. But, the difference is that I don’t assume anything. Not even the assumption that there’s a possibility that they feel the same way. They may not be into my gender. Or my subculture. Or, really, just me. If I like someone, I always hope that they’ll like me back, but I assume unattracted to me until proven otherwise.It’s not about not flirting, but rather regarding them as a potential friend first, and then being extra nice to them and seeing what they do. If they don’t return your flirting, then back off. If they flirt back, then pursue the friendship and if it comes to that ask them on out on a date. But you have to realize that a date does not equal anything but a date. At any time from starting flirtations, to dating, even into any real relationship you might have with them they have the right to say no , in whatever manner they choose, and it’s your job to accept that.I’d also like to second earlbecke’s caution about the kind of flirting . I don’t have any experience with how you flirt, but again it may be good idea to go to the women in your life and ask if you ever give off a creepy vibe. The listening and not arguing applies here, too.And I’d like to second Ragnell’s advice as well: good communication with your potential love interest is always a good foundation to lay early. It helps mitigate dating disasters and later on relationship angst (if things go that far).

      • Veronica says:

        Advantages:1. i am a young white person from Arlington, VA2. i was thagut in both a private and public school environment3. i am a member of the Catholic Church that is the predominant religion of Arlington4. i am from a county of much diversity5. i graduated from a high school that is ranked in the top 50 percentile of the United States6. living close to Washington D.C. offers a lot of job opportunities from Northern Virginia residents7. i live in an area that encourages all people of 18 and above to vote8. i will easily be given insurance as an adult9. i am allowed at any time to join the armed services at 18 or older10. my background and family/friend connections will most likely help me get job offersDisadvantages:1. i am a woman living in the 2000 s who is still discriminated against based on gender2. i am a young woman at the age of 18 who is discriminated against for gender AND age3. i am a member of the lower-middle class living in a high-classed county in Northern Virginia4. i am a democrat living in a county of predominantly republicans5. i did not graduate with an I.B. diploma like many other students did from my high school6. there is much competition amongst the children and teenagers of Arlington because it is so populated that it can be hard to stand out and be recognized7. i, as a child, was very behind from the rest of my class until my teenage years when i began to catch up academically. it is hard and takes effort and time to catch up to peers if too far behind.8. it is harder to find any scholarship that meets my race/ethnicity and there is unbelievable competition for all of them9. from past events, it is easy to be looked upon as racist to others depending on situations10. whether you are qualified for a job o not, often times you will not receive it depending on the diversity they have within their works.

  8. Laurie says:

    James, I was with you 100% on your first comment, and then against you 100% on your second. You brought out three important areas of privilege: beauty, intelligence, and social grace. Well done, and I applaud and agree with you.

    But you lost me when you said it was perfectly legitimate to criticize prostitution on a personal level. Why do you believe that to be so? If a person is a massage therapist and uses his or her body to earn a living, is that something to criticize? Why is sex work deserving of stigma?

    You say there are many reasons to take issue with the profession of prostitution, including moral, hygienic, and personal. Why are these valid reasons? I suggest they are not.

    • James says:

      Whether or not you personally approve of prostitution is a subjective issue. My point is that I don’t think this necessarily falls under the category of “privilege vs. underprivileged”. Privilege is more based around circumstances you are born into or predisposed toward and do not choose, whereas one’s occupation (when desperation or being forced by others are not factors) is a choice. By my understanding, the whole central concept of privilege is that it is something that is not a choice, but something that one has or doesn’t have. Being underprivileged can be a result of something you’re born with, or something you are afflicted with, but I don’t think something that is a result of a choice can be categorized as an example of being underprivileged.

      • Stephanie says:

        People wouldn’t, typically, resort to sex work if they weren’t part of a socio-economically oppressed group. Go and survey sex workers. Most don’t come from privaleged families.

        • James says:

          Right and if you actually read my post you’d realise that what I meant is that I was addressing prostitution in the specific case of people who CHOOSE to be prostitutes, not people forced or pressured into it whether by other people or desperation.

          Actually the article on “whoreophobia” talked about how prostitutes are stereotyped as all being poor, desperate, abused, when some are actually doing it of their own free agency. So ironically enough I’m NOT the one being whoreophobic by this definition because I’m acknowledging some people actually choose to be prostitutes.

          But anyway I would say the ones who choose are indeed subject to criticism. Just like someone who chooses to be a porn director, an oil company CEO, a tobacco shop owner or any other morally ambiguous profession.

  9. Mike says:

    I have a couple issues myself with this. Whilst the majority is all well and good it continues a few misconceptions.

    1. While the status of women across the globe and especially 3rd world countries is vastly lower than men, I’d have to take issue with applying it to north america. Women are now more educated than men, make up more of the workforce post 2008 collapse and lost manufacturing jobs, are beginning to out earn men, the wage gap only exists because of women’s choices of employment and work hours, etc.. to say that the status of women in north america is does not belong in the ‘privileged’ category along side north american men is silly. To keep asking men to acknowledge their privilege when the pendulum has swung so widely to the other side is disingenuous.

    2. “everyone who lives in Canada still benefits from living on stolen land..” This everyone includes men, women, hetero, homo, trans, etc.. not sure what the point was.

    3. Sexual privilege is not mentioned but is alluded to by James post on 11-21-11. In today’s current social and economic landscape, we have a population of highly educated and financially independent women who are free to go about trying to land the top 10% of men leaving the majority of men to flounder. It’s a pretty well documented movement in Japan called Herbivore men and here it’s acronym is MGTOW. Women have had the balance of power in the sexual marketplace for the last 40 years through reproductive rights, the pill, and to deny it is to quote unquote… deny your privilege. I’m not saying your not entitled to act or behave or choose anyone you don’t want to be with, just saying it does exist and the privilege that accompanies it cannot be questioned. Hypergamy. Look it up.

    • K. says:

      Your comments about women being privileged, instead of being true, are instead indicative of your (male) privilege.

      • Privileged says:

        PS . . . I am a woman. Instead of this discussion about privilege and finger pointing; let’s focus on something PRODUCTIVE. The core mission of SW: ending rape. I am not sure that dissecting privilege is helpful in bringing the SW community together. It might help with bringing feminism and other communities into SW so they can figure out what it is about. I have a feeling that MANY that already support SW are frustrated with the message that they are privileged in someway (and this has seemed to overshadow the CORE message recently). Does being privileges make them less a victim? Does being privileged make someone less a rapist? Does it make a supporter less supportive of ending rape – YES, when you alienate them because the are privileged?

      • Stephanie says:

        K- that’s called “BENEVOLANT SEXISM”

    • K. says:

      http://finallyfeminism101.wordpress.com/2007/03/11/faq-what-is-male-privilege/

      and a perfect example of male privilege is the reality that men do not have to alter their daily movements because of the fear of rape: http://shakespearessister.blogspot.com/2009/10/rape-culture-101.html

    • Stephanie says:

      2. “everyone who lives in Canada still benefits from living on stolen land..” This everyone includes men, women, hetero, homo, trans, etc.. not sure what the point was.

      If a genocide, colonization, and the land being stolen never happened than indigenous peoples wouldn’t be suffering like this for instance:

      http://youtu.be/Nv7n5jhrHGQ

      http://youtu.be/N5CtIPbbeTw

      Our history has a contemporary impact.

    • SellyReal says:

      Sara:It’s like the old saying about with ndfeirs like these, you know?No, I totally get it. I know that my post won’t change anything in the grand scheme of things, and it’s a little too forceful to have much luck reaching fence-sitters but, I dunno, as one of those privileged white feminists I feel like it’s my duty to at least try, yanno? I mean, heck, if I don’t try to hit other privileged feminists on the head with the Clue Stick, then what kind of ally would I be? littlem:And when might your book be coming out so that I can buy several copies and recommend it to my ndfeirs?Hah! Give me another year or two and I’ll probably have enough material on this blog to make a pretty hefty privilege primer. Not that anyone would publish it.

      • Alonelamapaha says:

        Journal #1oAdvantages:1. I can marry who I want2. I can drive whenever I want3. I can atnetd a University4. I can go shopping without people worrying I may steal something5. I can run for president without controversy6. I can get get a job and not have it be thought it was due to my race7. If I need legal or medical help my race will not be held against me8. I can buy lottery tickets, and tobacco without it being looked down upon as me wasting the only money I have9. I can avoid physical tasks by asking men for help10. Naturally have maternal instinctsDisadvantages:1. I cannot consume alcohol due to my age, but I can join the military2. Looked at as automatically a bad driver due to my gender3. Society pressures women to be stick thin, and flawless4. The idea of being a housewife and not earning my own money5. Still treated as a child in some instances even though I’m legally an adult6. If I make a mistake I am from then on immature and not trustworthy7. Expected to screw up because of my age8. Told not to walk alone due to my being a female9. As a woman I expect to have a lower salary10. I cannot use my ethnicity to help me get a job, or get into a school

  10. Privileged says:

    What I need is the “link” between ending rape, ending shaming, and ending victim blaming with privilege. I think that SWs should focus on the primary mission.

    • Stephanie says:

      1 in 33 men will be sexually assaulted in his lifetime; 1 in 6 women will be sexually assaulted in hers. Native American women are 2.5 times (1 in 3) more likely than the general population to become victims of sexual violence. Women with disabilities are twice more likely, than the general population, to become victims of sexual violence, and the numbers climb from there when someone has a cognitive disability.

      Many barriers prevent people from obtaining justice. If you’re more likely to be criminalized by the system, than you’re less likely to get justice. So if you’re a white woman, virginal, from the elite class you’re more likely to get your offender prosecuted than say… an African American whose prostituted herself to pay for the bills.

      That’s how all of this shares a relationship. There’s a REASON that the numbers are higher pertaining to other groups.

      Let me go back to the Native American example. Native American women are 2.5 times (1 in 3) more likely than the general population to become victims of attempted or completed rape. It’s so bad that many simply expect for it to happen to them. There is a conflict between federal, state and tribal laws and funding for evidentary exams is so scarce that you mind as well not even try to get one. How do you prosecute if you don’t have evidence? Also 93% of rape victims have been raped by someone of the same race, HOWEVER, this entirely differs for Native Americans. They are more likely to be raped by people outside their race. Police brutality prevent some from coming forward, because whose going to call a cop when they’re getting raped by ‘em? who’s going to call a cop when you’re probably going to spend the night in the pin?

      • Stephanie says:

        I also wanted to mention that rape in egalitarian cultures is so low it’s almost unheard of.

      • Privileged says:

        I understand why being a minority, oppressed, disadvantaged, disenfranchised, etc have meaning in a conversation about being raped. I understand that in many cases the other side of the coin is being privileged . . . what I do NOT understand is why the perception of privilege is so integral to a conversation about ending RAPE. Ultimately, isn’t the POINT to end oppression and the like? Are you trying to end privilege??? Let’s talk about ending rape, ending shaming, ending oppression (and all the related terms) . . . how does anyone being privileged (in anothers eyes) impact the core mission of SlutWalks?

        • S says:

          BECAUSE many people do NOT understand what privileged is, and therefore do not have a real understanding of oppression.

  11. Richard says:

    Not going with this male privilege stuff. Seriously, there are good points to being a woman and good points to being a man. That’s it. I have scars on my body I know I wouldn’t have got if I were a woman because I know I wouldn’t get the “fuck you looking at” treatment. Women look out for sexual assault, men look out for physical assault. There are things men have to look out for more often than women, and things women have to look out for more often than men. But noooo, don’t mention that, screws around with the privilege model! BTW, young women are supposedly now earning more than young men. More fruits of male privilege! What the fuck ever.

    • Deirdre says:

      Richard – men are not told “he was asking for it by the way he dressed” if they are sexually assaulted. Men have privilege in the fact that they are, in most places, considered socially superior, either wholly in control or not in control and it’s the woman’s role to ensure she doesn’t “tempt” them (Middle Eastern/Asian countries can possess this cultural trait). Men don’t have to change their clothing or behaviour to the degree that women do in order to have a safe environment. In some countries, men are still the only gender permitted to vote (in Saudia Arabia, women were just granted leave to do so), the only gender to be permitted education, and so on. Women are considered “weaker” by a lot of people, either physically or socially (engendering a desire for men to ‘care’ for them, or to be ‘chivalrous); men are generally considered stronger. These are all aspects of male privilege.

    • Jerry says:

      , I still think it’s a better thing to cevony that all relationships from the kind of conversation we’re having now, to one with a love interest are partnerships. Both partners have to continually earn the right to be loved (liked/respected/etc) by the other by treating them properly, communicating their needs and desires, and acknowledging the right of the other person to have the final say in what they do with their own bodies/minds/time. And, at any time if the partner fails to uphold their end of the relationship, then things need to be hashed out. If that doesn’t work, then the relationship should end; no one should ever put up with anything less than a completely fulfilling relationship.If there is really an epidemic of not accepting rejection in your circle then of course you are right to condemn this. Being possessive of someone who isne2€™t e2€œyourse2€9d seems like madness of some kind. And how could I possibly be saying that someone has the right to love from someone who does not love them back?You would be surprised how many people do think just that, and it wasn’t so much that I assumed you were one of them, but rather that I felt your word choice had a high likelyhood of cevonying that message to someone who hasn’t sat back and examined how they interact with others. It is a madness to think you have a right to another person, but unfortunately it’s a maddness still condoned and encouraged by our society’s boys will be boys mentality.On the other hand your courtship advice seems strange, like someone who does not see the courtship aspect at all e2€” it is not that one just goes about with a checklist, do you love me, yes, no, check, ok ite2€™s no.That’s because communication in our culture is seen as unromatic . If we just shifted to romanticize respect, honesty, and openness rather than possessiveness, assumptions, and sneaky behaviour, then my guess is that particular complaint wouldn’t hold water any more. And, indeed, when you are in a community where explicit consent is a must for any kind of interaction (beyond hi, how you doing type stuff), you realize that it’s not the approach that’s sexy, but rather engaging in activities that both you and your partner are interested in whether it be something as small as flirting or as large as having sex.Certainly you done2€™t explicitly advise anyone to do that yet in the midst of all the e2€œthou shalt note2€9ds you hardly paint an encouraging picture.There’s a lot of thou shall s in there too thou shall treat the people in your life with respect, thou shall listen to them and see how one can use their advice to improve oneself, thou shall be communicative and open, etc.And, let me paint an actually bleak picture of relationships. One where my advice is never said, and never heard, and our concept of romance is never challenged. This is the picture of my teenage years, but it is not so dissimilar to most men-loving women’s first relationships with men.Right from the start, it was all about my boyfriends (I use the term very loosely; some I just dated) cutting me down whether it was my sexuality, my intelligence, my personality I was never as good as they were. Communication was about them telling me what to do, what I was doing wrong, what they wanted. It was never about them listening. All but one pushed my boundaries past the comfort zone without a thought to what I wanted. There was even one who repeatedly tried to engage in oral sex with me even when I physically pulled him away.I was probably more unlucky than most; I would say that three of them (my first boyfriend, the boy I describe above who wouldn’t take no for an answer, and an internet boyfriend I had for like a year) were geniunely bad people. I don’t know whatever happened to the last guy, but the first two continue to be sexual predators (they’re in the circle of friends of a guy I knew in highschool, so I still hear about them from time to time). The rest of them, however, I don’t think were predators; they were just taught that how they treated me was the proper way to go about things.They were what people would consider to be normal guys. The kind of guys most women have their first relationships with. The only guys I would ever have known if a change in scenery hadn’t helped me get my self esteem back up to the point where I realized that no, I didn’t have to put up with subpar and abusive relationships.They are the kind of guys that I want to learn from this advice because I think that they genuinely want fulfilling relationships. I also want girls to learn that they deserve to have my advice enacted on them; it is just as damaging for women to perpetuate the false idea that one must put up with unfulfilling relationships.It breaks my heart when I hear women say things about putting up with bad male behaviour because that’s just the way men are . No, it’s not! I have had friendships with males who, regardless of attraction, have not made it clear that they wanted to fuck me, but rather made it clear that they wanted to be my friend. I have had guys who have liked me who have asked me out and gracefully taken my rejection. I have had fulfilling relationships with men based on communication, honesty, and openness and unsurprisingly, those are the men I continue to keep in contact with even though we are no longer romantically involved.It is that kind of relationship that is fostered by the advice I give, however unromatic and scary it may be. A partnership that is fulfilling to all involved, rather than being destructive to one or both people. I do think that people, for the most part, deserve to be happy and as long as their happiness isn’t at the expense of another’s then I think they should seek it. But, my whole point is that, without knowing it, many men do pursue their happiness at the expense of others’ (particularly women, particularly the object of their affections). And, having been on the receiving end of that kind of unconscious entitlement, I’d rather have someone be overly cautions than underly so.

  12. John Rotten says:

    Wow now that is one of the Racist, sexist hetrophobic things I have ever read

    • John Rotten says:

      *most

      • Miski says:

        and done that don’t make sense at first. But since this is not about us privileged opeple, we should not have to always understand everything immediately. Over time, with a real commitment to STFU and listening (and in my case, contributing with my action as opeple requested), I learned a lot about the specific issues the organization deals with, its ways of doing things, its history, and overall perspective.I remember there were times my girlfriend (also a white woman) would listen to me talking about somethnig I had heard or seen that confused me and suggest that I just ask about it. Sometimes I would need to do research on my own. As for things specific to the organization well, a lot of times, my response was that I was just going to wait and see what information came to me and when. And that worked really well for my learning, because I figured things out more on the terms and at the pace of the other opeple involved they said and did what they said and did and I paid attention. They shared things with me in specific conversations when they decided to do so.Me asking a lot of questions in group spaces (meetings, for example) would have disrupted the flow and centered me, not the work that needed to be done. And, me seeking opeple out to ask questions privately would have put them in a position of having to decide how to deal with me if I wasn’t being appropriate in what I was asking or how I was asking it..So: Seems to me that STFU and listen means de-centering the privileged assumption that we always have to understand that we need to have immediate mastry if we are going to be engaged in something. It centers our self-involved desire to know over what is going on for other opeple.Also, it occurs to me that the commentor’s metaphor of the world (or some part of it) as a classroom for privileged opeple also deserves critical attention. I mean, no it’s not your/our classroom. People have other things going on that have nothing to do with where the privileged opeple are at except to the extent that the privileged opeple are being disruptive (which happens pretty often).But then I feel like that is the implicit/hidden threat that comes up a lot from the space of privilege if fully explicit it would go something like If you don’t defer to us, we will continue to hurt you and you don’t want that so defer to us and keep us at the center because look what we do when you don’t. Anyway. On my experiences: Over time, things have shifted a bit. I am somewhat more active now in asking questions if I am confused or speaking my opinion, because I have been asked to be more outspoken and because it seems to me that some of what I have more recently been asked to do requires that I have explicit clarity on certain things. There is an experience-based context that did not exist at first. I am still concerned about whether I speak too much. I am still concerned about what kinds of harm I can and will do as a white person in this space. That part won’t end until the system of white supremacy ends.

        • Paul says:

          Benjamin HermerdingJames Farmer Civil RightsJournal #101. Positive Prejudices Against Young People1. I am still viewed as “young and ienocnnt” by some people.2. I deserve more of something (especially food) because I am young.3. I am in better shape than older people because I am younger.4. I am more openminded because I am young.5. I can be expected to work cheaper, and therefore get a job easier, because I am young.6. I can find people my age at colleges anywhere.7. I am encouraged to “explore the world” rather than stay home.8. I don’t need to “settle down” yet.9. I can wear “in fashion” clothing without snide comments being made about me.10. I can use social media without being judged.2. Negative Prejudices About Young People1. I am viewed as “young and ienocnnt” by some people.2. I hold radical views because of my youth.3. I am “inexperienced” and don’t understand “big people things.”4. I am expected to work cheaper.5. I will be responsible for people judging my entire age group if I do anything wrong.6. I am not taken seriously in politics.7. I am not taken seriously at work.8. I am not taken seriously at school.9. I am intimidating to other age groups in public places- especially with friends.10. I am expected to yield authority to an older person if one aries in a situation.3. As I read about the decline of CORE and the Civil Rights Movement, I was amazed at how swift this downfall happened. It seemed like it took hardly any time before the corrupt political dealings and the black power movement stepped in and toppled CORE and SCLC’s grip on advocating for civil rights. When I look at how this relates to today, I wonder if this same phenomenon could affect our current advocacy groups. Could groups like the tea party or #occupy be taken over by more radical groups? I suppose only time will tell.

    • Deirdre says:

      How is this racist, sexist or heterophobic?

      • John Rotten says:

        If you don’t see the racism and hetrophobia in that article you are a racist and a heterophobe!

        • Racist and Heterophobe says:

          I am a racist and heterophobe and this article offends me.

          • Colleen Westendorf says:

            Note to John Rotten, who is connected to commenter Racist and Heterophobe :

            Hi John/Racist and Heterophobe, I’m a member of the SlutWalk team. We have deleted some of your comments because of the highly disrespectful nature of what you’ve posted.

            We’re doing what we can to encourage respectful, hopefully productive discussion, and what we value the most is contributions from other people and a plurality of voices; However, the relative safety of the space in which to do this becomes jeopardized when people troll, launch verbal attacks, and approach these conversations with destructive intent.

            Disagreement is fine, necessary and part and parcel of these conversations, especially when many of us may be trying to unlearn things and challenge traditional constructs of our existence, but no matter on what side anyone falls, there is always an appropriate way to contribute, especially to a discussion being held in a public venue.

            Please be respectful and conscientious of all of this in your commenting on this site.

            If you’re unable to do so, we’ll have to remove your presence here.

            Thanks,
            Colleen.

  13. Tara says:

    “The only people I know who would have innate problems learning social skills is people on the autism spectrum, and that falls under able-bodied privilege, not under its own special heading.”

    Autism is not necessarily a disability. A disability is something which is indisputably disadvantageous. Autism can give rise to a number of advantages as well as disadvantages, so I would hesitate to call it a disability. Yes, the social disabilities associated with autism may be innate, but that’s not to say that they cannot be innate in other contexts.

    “Social skills and intelligence can be increased over a lifetime. It comes with education and having friends.” This may largely be true, but that does not mean everyone starts on the same playing field. “Having friends” is not a situation that one enters into by snapping one’s fingers. If all of your childhood is spent having virtually no friends, acquiring the skills to make any will not come easily. As James said, “the very definition of privilege is having to work less hard (or not at all) to get somewhere.”

    • John Rotten says:

      Being autistic is a disability . Being racist and hetrophobic are both hate crimes

  14. Stephanie Isaac says:

    Heather Jarvis, you wicked GENIUS you!!!

    I totally loved this article. I see intersectionality like an interwoven paradigm of oppression. It’s all interconnected, related, and shares a relationship. The more dimensions of oppression that intersect, theoretically, the more obstacles one has to overcome, and more discrimination they will face.

    It’s important that people understand THAT, and VERY important that they realize being white isn’t the only privilege out there.

    I’m extremely thankful for this article, because with this understanding- inclusion isn’t so much of an obstacle, and marginalization is less likely to occur due to competency.

    Checking, and being aware of your privilege is apart of a solution to eradicating -isms.

    :]

  15. Trevor says:

    The following is the truth, if you don’t like that: Please don’t read it.

    “Slutwalk” has done a good service for me:

    Where I work, I routinely hire employees year-round.
    Conducting several job interviews a week, whenever a person with
    some activist-vibe (Sometimes a “Commie pinko/generic activism”
    button, I immediately (but politely) end the interview as fast as possible.
    I have yet to see a “Slutwalk” button, but you can bet I would “86″ the interview
    faster than spit on a griddle.

    Resume into paper shredder: interviewee’s name on my ‘nope’ list.

    The reason is all too obvious: Would you want an employee like this Heather
    person to ‘invent’ new classes of victimization? So that crap you never even realized
    was some affront to humanity…your employee will suddenly rail/crusade against
    the entire company? Or cause some spectacle with the public that has NOTHING
    to do with our company’s charter/mandate?

    I talked to a few others in H.R, they all said the same thing: Their companies will
    run with the “We care about the environment” shtick, but when it comes to hiring
    “closet loons”, NOPE:

    IT IS A WORKPLACE LIABILITY.

    For 2012, the insurance policies at our workplace have been revised, now such things
    as ‘social media/twitter/facebook’ comments which my employees potentially could/would do will
    no longer be covered so easily. (Even the most basic tweet can cost a company millions).

    So who do I hire?

    People with good resumes, but without that ‘chip’ on their shoulder. Team players
    and those who are sincere in putting in their best years with us….not finding ‘dragons to slay’
    which is what Heather Jarvis is blabbing about.

    In College/University, professors should use this website as a ‘good example on how NOT to get a job’

    • Teach 101 says:

      In College/University, professors should use this website as a ‘good example on how NOT to get a job’

      And if I were said professor(s), I’d use your rant as a ‘good example on what companies one should not work at, and the kind of bosses in them.’

      • Balaji says:

        In this case it means that you can use say things like “we are all women first” woithut realizing how dismissive that is to women who experience more than just gender-based oppression. Gender might be the most pressing oppression to you, but that’s not necessarily the case for other women. It also is a means for avoiding self-critique. By trying to force a certain amount of homogeneity in order to create a sense of harmony (eg. “universal womanhood”), then you never have to look at what you, personally, are doing to alienate women/feminists who aren’t part of the white, middle-class, straight, able-bodied (etc, etc) force that is the dominant voice of mainstream feminism.And when might your book be coming out so that I can buy several copies and recommend it to my friends? A, I’ve read here before, but never commented. I will admit to having a dog in the fight (no blog, but doing a lot of IP work, I have run off at the mouth a fair amount in the sphere on this particular issue, as it touches several nerves that were already raw), but I just wanted to take a sec to thank you for- taking the time to think about the issue- taking the time to make your audience aware of the issue because woithut awareness nothing changes.Please do rock on.

        • Barbara says:

          Advantages:1) I am African- American, I can watch a channel on TV fseoucd on blacks2) I am able to listen to any type of music by blacks3) Affirmative action4)I am tall, I can reach things5) I am female it is socially acceptable that I shop till I drop6) There are a lot of books targeted at females7)I have a military ID I know who my family is9) I have a job10)I have rights that people usually respectDisadvantages:1) Most movies have all white casts2) I am a racial minority in America, most of the population doesn’t look like me3) Since I am tall I have big feet and it is hard to find shoes4) Shopping a lot decreases my savings account5) I am black and tall, shouldn’t I be a basketball player?6) Being too nice makes me a pushover7) It cost so much to manage our hair I live in a historical city, its boring9) I am expected to act a certain way10) I like soul food, is unhealthyI learned that all the things we have been taught about the Civil Rights has been limited and rushed over because the media has simplified it. A lot of people have used their time and effort to receive rights and the movements with thousands of individuals sparked the movement, not a few individuals. It is interesting to see how everyone influences each other even today. In class we are amazed at what we hear and the stories we have read, but other coutries are at this moment dealing with almost the exact same things as the Civil Rights activists were dealing with. The Gandian movement, American Revolution, French Revolution, the Holocaust(the strength of the Jews) influenced the Civil Rights Movement and these events will affect more revolutions or movements to come.

  16. Amanda says:

    Ha this is a pity party if I’ve ever been to one. How about lets stop making excuses and babying everyone. It doesn’t matter if you’re white, black, disabled, women, man, pretty whatever. You work hard and you educate yourself and none of those characteristics will matter, bottom line. And as for citizens, you should be a citizen of this country if you want to reap our benefits..again put in the hard work and effort. Where does this entitlement come from these days? Things are given anymore they are earned. You can make a choice to rise above stereotypes or fail from them, they will always exist.

    • Pawan says:

      My Advantages:1.In most places I go I am a embemr of the majority race.2.Because I have no physical or mental disabilities I am able to participate in most activities.3.As a middle class citizen I have more economic opportunities for education.4.As a child of intelligent parents I was able to excel in school and continue on to college.5.As a girl I am able to wear any color I wish without getting strange looks.6.It is socially acceptable for me to cry openly in public.7.Because I am straight I generally do not have to prove myself or explain myself to anyone.8.As a harpist I can charge higher prices than most musicians for my services.9.As an English speaker I can travel to many places and find my language spoken widely.10.Because I am not overweight I have more options in what I can wear.My Disadvantages:1.As a female it is more likely my salary will be less than the salary of a male.2.As a white person I cannot play the “diversity” card when applying to schools.3.There are few scholarships only for white people available.4.I am not allowed to say certain words. For example I cannot say the “n-word” in front of a black person.5.As a girl I am socially excluded from certain activities such as football.6.As a white person I may get dirty looks if I dress in baggy jeans, loose shirts, and wear a chain.7.I may get made fun of for listening to certain rap music.8.As a girl it is harder to show authority over boys and have them take me seriously.9.As the daughter of a math teacher, I am expected to be good at math. Math is one of my worst subjects.10.I cannot choose to go into any field I wish. For example I cannot enter into certain areas of the armed forces.

      • Gerda says:

        Advantages1) I can get and odd job more likely than a seinor citizen.2) I can join a sport more likely than a physically disabled person.3) I am allowed to get married to a man as opposed to a gay individual in VA.4)I can join certain social groups based on my family’s education level.5) I am more likely to get a job than someone who is disabled.6) I am more likely to get accepted into a school than someone who is mentally disabled.7) I am more likely to be accepted by religious institution based on my sexual orientation. I can be accepted by people of my own race more than a person of another race.9) I can pick classes earlier based on how many credits I have.10) I can get a job at a bank more likely than an African-American individual.Disadvantage1) I am less likely to get a job as a pilot based on my religious background/last name.2) I am less likely to get a job at an all-white store of workers.3) I am less likely to get a corporate job because of my age.4) I have to withstand extra searching at the airport because of my last name.5) I am not considered a minority when applying to schools.6) I am less likely to have a higher status if I graduate from med school in this country rather than a foreign country.7)I cannot receive financial aid like veterans. I can’t influence entrepreneurs because of my status in society.9) I can’t receive financial aid if my parents have a reasonable income even if they do not pay for me.10) I’m less likely to be accepted on basketball team because of my height.

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